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1100-Words-You-Need-to-Know1100 Words, Week 5, Day 2

  • English Vocabulary Class
  • Date of Class: May 22, 2016, from 9:00 to 10:00 pm (Iran)
  • Use the audio player below to listen to the podcast of this vocabulary class which is based on the text below.

New Words:

flagrant – admonish – duress – culprit – inexorable

Cracking Down
Mr. Dorsey, our new principal, determined to do something about the flagrant cheating at our high school. He issued bulletins and began to admonish those teachers who did not proctor alertly. Under duress, the faculty reported the names of the culprits. Several crib sheets were turned in as tangible* evidence of the cheating. Mr. Dorsey’s inexorable campaign against the wrong-doers seemed to be paying off.

Sample Sentences
Into which sentences do the new words fit best?
1. The __________ was caught with his fingers in the cookie jar.
2. Television sleuths are __________ in their pursuit of lawbreakers.
3. The confession was signed under __________, the attorney claimed.
4. I suspect that my father will __________ me for coming home late.
5. Parking in front of a hydrant is a __________ violation of the city’s law.

Match the new words with their meanings.
6. flagrant ____ a. inflexible, unrelenting
7. admonish ____ b. compulsion, force
8. duress ____ c. outrageous, glaringly bad
9. culprit ____ d. the guilty person
10. inexorable ____ e. to warn, to reprove

Today’s Idiom

to take down a peg: to take the conceit out of a braggart (ship’s colors used to be raised or lowered by pegs the higher the colors, the greater the honor)
The alumni thought they had a great basketball team, but our varsity took them down a peg.

This Post Has 18 Comments

  1. 1. What is the meaning of ‘cracking down’ as the title of the passage?

      1. That’s right. Thank you.
        Another equivalent to this expression is to take the bull by the horns.

  2. 2. The word ‘principal’ has two parts of speech: adjective and noun. Please define this word both as a noun and as an adjective.

    1. principle as a noun means: moral rule or belief about what is right and wrong. As an adjective it means: someone who has strong idea about what is right or wrong.

      1. The word is not ‘principle’, but principal.
        Principal as a noun means headmaster or head of school.
        Principal as an adjective means main, major, basic.

  3. 3. How did the new headmaster react to the school atmosphere, which was infamous for flagrant cheating?

    1. he issued bulletin and admonished the teachers who did not do their work properly.

  4. 4. What is the meaning of crib sheet?

  5. 5. What is the singular form of alumni?

  6. 6. How can you prove that the new headmaster was successful in controlling the chaotic situation at school?

    1. because several crib sheets had been turned in as tangible evidence.

      1. That’s correct.
        Another hint is the word ‘paying off’ at the end of the passage, which means to succeed.

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