Basic Words and Sentences – Easy Learning English

Basic Words and Sentences in English

Basic Words and Sentences in English

Shapour Khodaparast at LELB SocietyEasy Learning English Series 

Article: A Basic Education Course for Adult Learners

Written by ShaPour KhodaParast

ShaPour KhodaParast presents you How We Can Easily Speak English.

This course of study is designed for adult learners with basic knowledge of English.

This series of basic courses are useful for learning and speaking English as a foreign language.

? Let’s get started

? Basic words and sentences that we need to know in our class.

? Unit Zero – part one

  • My name is ShaPour. What’s your name?
  • My first name is ShaPour. What’s your first name?
  • My family name is KhodaParast. What’s your family name?
  • My last name is KhodaParast. What’s your last name?
  • My family’s name is KhodaParast. What’s your family’s name?

family name = last name       –>    ✅ There is no difference.

family’s name = The name of the family

( = )    ——>    we say this (=)equal “

Family name is equal to last name or you can say last name is equal to family name, there is no difference.

Even you can say this way, last name means family name or family name means last name. So, the equal words show they are synonyms.

( = )       ——–> we say this sign is named “equal“.

( = )       ——–> we call it in Englishequal“.

+What do you call this in English?       ( = )

+What do you say this in English?       ( = )

? For example: ( + , –  )

  • What do you call this in English?         ( + )
  • What do you call that in English?        ( + )
  • What do you say that in English?                   ( – )
  • What do you say about this in English?         ( – )
  • What do you say about that in English?        ( – )
  • What do you name this in English?
  • What do you name that in English?
  • We call it “plusin English. :arrow: ( + )
  • We call it “minusin English. :arrow: ( – )
  • We call it in English, plus :arrow: ( + )
  • We call it in English, minus. :arrow: ( – )
  • We say this, Plus.
  • We say that, minus.
  • We name it, plus.
  • We name it, minus.

? Let’s get back to the lesson.

John Fisher Smith

What’s your first name?  My first name is John.

What’s your last name? My last name is Smith.

What’s your middle name? Fisher, it’s Fisher. My middle name is Fisher.

John Smith

What’s your first name?  My first name is John.

What’s your last name? My last name is Smith.

What’s your middle name? I have no middle name. Just John Smith.

What’s his middle name? He has no middle name. He is John Smith, just John Smith.

He has first and last names but doesn’t have any middle name.

What’s your middle name? There is no middle name. John Smith is my full name.

✅ First name + family name = Full name

✅ First name plus family name equals full name.

✅ First name + middle name + family name = Full name

✅ First name plus middle name plus family name equals full name.

? Tip: Some people have a middle name and some don’t, so, it is up to people’s names.

First name + family name = Full name

First name + middle name + family name = Full name

So, he has no middle name. he has first and last names but no middle name.

Does he have a middle name? No, he doesn’t have a middle name.

Does she have a middle name? No, she doesn’t have a middle name.

Do you have a middle name? No, I don’t have a middle name.

Do you have a middle name? No, I have no middle name.

Does your friend have a middle name? Nope, he doesn’t. He doesn’t have a / any middle name.

Does your father have a middle name? Nope, he doesn’t. He has no middle name.

Does your mother have a middle name? Nope, she doesn’t. She doesn’t have a middle name.

✅ Nope = no – nope means no (it’s an informal way)

?? As you see John Smith has no middle name. He has just first name and last name. So, it’s better to say this way, he has just first and last name without any middle name.

?? As you see John Fisher Smith is a full name. His first name is John, and his last name is Smith and as you all know Fisher is his middle name and the middle name always comes between the first and last name.

? Draw two simple pictures on the board, a male and a female.

Let’s so keep going and do it.      — > means: let’s continue and do it.

My name is ShaPour and his name is John.

My name is ShaPour and her name is Helen.

What’s his name? His name is John.

What’s her name? Her name is Helen.

What’s his name, do you know? Yes, I know. His name is John.

What’s her name, do you know? Yes, I know. Her name is Helen.

It’s better to ask this way:

Do you know what his name is?

Do you know what her name is?

Do you know what his first name is?

Do you know what his last name is?

Do you know what his middle name is?

Do you know what her first name is?

Do you know what her last name is?

Do you know what her middle name is?

Do you know what his first name is?  Yes, I know.

Do you know what his first name is?  Yes, I know him.

Do you know what his first name is?  Yes, His first name is John.

Do you know what his first name is?  Yes, I know him. His first name is John.

Do you know what his last name is? Yes, I know.

Do you know what his last name is? Yes, I know it.

Do you know what his last name is? Yes, His last name is Smith.

Do you know what his middle name is? Yes, I know.

Do you know what his middle name is? Yes, I know it.

Do you know what his middle name is? Yes, I know his middle name.

Do you know what his middle name is?  Yes, I know him, then I know his middle name, too.

Then means so   –>   then = so

? Word list

  • unit = lesson
  • family name = surname, last name
  • first name = forename
  • family’s name = the name of the family
  • nickname = something used instead of a person’s real name that can make it shorter
  • first language = mother tongue

? Extra examples

What’s your family name? – Bertoli

And what’s your first name? – Sandro

Do you have a middle name? – No.

Do you have a nickname? – Nickname!? What does it mean, “nickname”?

Well, let me ask you this way. What do your friends usually call you?

Oh, my friends usually call me Bob.

So, Bob is your nickname.

Oh, thank you. I didn’t know it before.

What’s your first language?

+Spanish, my mother tongue is Spanish. Do you know Spanish?

Nope, I don’t know any Spanish word.

How do you say “Hi” in Spanish?

+Hola.

What does it mean?

It means Hi.

What does “nickname” mean?

What does “Extra examples” mean? – It means additional examples.

Ten plus seven equals seventeen.

Five plus six equals eleven. Is that right?

Twenty minus twenty equals zero. Is it right?

Five plus nine equals fourteen. Is it correct?

? Let’s keep going with much more practice but not now.

? Later with the next post

Good Luck.

ShaPour KhodaParast

Founder of ELE (Easy Learning English)

easy.learning.english.ele@gmail.com

? Tips for Persian learners:

Let’s get started: بیایید شروع کنیم

Basic words and sentences that we need to know in our class

basic: پایه – بنیادی

word: کلمه – لغت

words: کلمات – لغات

basic words: لغات پایه – کلمات پایه

sentence: جمله

sentences: جملات

Basic words and sentences: جملات و کلمات پایه

to need: احتیاج داشتن – نیاز داشتن

to know: دانستن – شناختن

class: کلاس

Basic words and sentences that we need to know in our class: جملات و کلمات پایه که نیاز داریم در کلاس ما بدانیم

Unit Zero – part one

Unit = lesson: درس

Zero: صفر

Part: بخش

One: یک

Part one: قسمت اول بخش اول – بخش یک

First: اولین

First part: اولین بخش – اولین قسمت

family name = last name: نام خانوادگی – نام فامیلی

There is no difference: فرقی نمیکنه – تفاوتی نداره

family’s name: اسم خانواده

What’s your family’s name?: اسم خانواده شما چیست؟

What’s your family name?: نام خانوادگی شما چیست؟

We say this (=)equal” : ما به این علامت مساوی میگیم

We say this sign is named “equal“.

We call it in Englishequal“.

We say: ما میگیم

this sign: این علامت   

is named: نامیده می شود

equal: مساوی                                                              

We call it in English: به انگیسی میگیم

What do you call this in English?: به انگیسی به این چی میگید؟

What do you say this in English?: اینو به انگیسی چی میگید؟

What do you name this in English?: به انگیسی اینو چی می نامید؟

✅name :arrow: اگر بعنوان فعل استفاده شود به معنای نامیدن، خواندن، بنام صدا کردن، نام دادن بکار برده می شود

✅name :arrow: اگر بعنوان اسم بکار برده شود به معنای نام، اسم بکار برده می شود

verb: فعل

noun: اسم

name(verb): نامیدن، خواندن، بنام صدا کردن، نام دادن

name(noun): نام، اسم

plus: بعلاوه – جمع

minus: منها – تفریق              

your name: نام شما – اسم شما

your first name: اسم کوچک شما

your last name: اسم خانوادگی شما

your middle name: اسم میانه تون – اسم وسطی تون

his name: اسمش – اسم او – اسم اون خانم

his first name: اسم کوچک او – اسم اول او (آقا)

his last name: اسم فامیلیش – اسم خانوادگیش (آقا)

his middle name: اسم وسطیش (آقا)

her name: اسمش – اسم او – اسم اون خانم

her first name: اسم کوچیکش (خانم)

her last name: اسم فامیلیش (خانم)

her middle name: اسم میانه اش – اسم وسطیش (خانم)

full name = first name + family name: اسم کامل

synonyms: مترادف

show (verb): نشان دادن

Tip: some people have a middle name and some don’t, so it is up to people’s names.

First name + family name = Full name

First name + middle name + family name = Full name

Tip: نکته

Tips: نکات

People: افراد – اشخاص

people’s names: اسامی افراد – نامهای اشخاص

it is up to: بستگی دارد به

as you see: همانطوری که می بینید

Let’s get back to the lesson: برگردیم به درس

Draw two simple pictures on the board, a male and a female.

draw (verb): کشیدن – رسم کردن

simple: ساده

picture: تصویر – عکس

simple picture: تصویر ساده

on the board: روی تخته – روی تابلو

a male: یک مرد – فرد مذکر – مذکر                                

a female: یک زن – فرد مونث – ماده

let’s so keep going and do it.   — > means: let’s continue and do it.

let’s so keep going: پس بیایید ادامه اش بدیم

and do it: و انجامش بدیم

It’s better to ask this way: بهتره اینطوری سوال کنیم، بپرسیم

Do you know what his name is?: میدونی اسمش چیه؟ (برای آقا)

Do you know what her name is?: میدونی اسمش چیه؟ (برای خانم)

Nope: جواب منفی

It’s an informal way: این یک روش غیررسمی است

Extra examples: مثالهای اضافی

With much more practice: با تمرین بسیار بیشتر

later with the next post: بعداً با پست بعدی 

دوستان فارسی زبان دقت کنید که روش آموزشی من بر اساس گفتگو و مکالمه بنا شده است بنابراین تا نیازی نباشد به ساختارهای گرامری وارد نمی شویم بنابراین سعی کنید بیش از هر چیز با تمرین کردن با الگوهای بیان شده پیش بروید و خودتان را درگیر مسایل گرامری نکنید.

Website: MyELE.org

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