Login for Free Services

English Grammar in Use – Unit 40: If I had known / I wish I had known…

Part A:

Study this example situation:
Last month Gary was in hospital for a few days. Rachel didn’t know this~ so she didn’t go to visit him. They met a few days ago.
Rachel said:
If I’d known you were in hospital, I would have gone to see you.
Rachel said: If I’d known (=If I had known) you were in hospital. This tells us that she didn’t know.
We use if+ had (‘d) … to talk about the past (if I had known/been/done etc.):
I didn’t see you when you passed me in the street. If I’d seen you, of course I would have said hello. (but I didn’t see you)
I didn’t go out last night. I would have gone out if I hadn’t been so tired. (but I was tired)
If he had been Looking where he was going, he wouldn’t have walked into the wall. (but he wasn’t looking)
The view was wonderful. If I’d had a camera with me, I would have taken some pictures. (but I didn’t have a camera)
I’m not hungry. If I was hungry, I would eat something. (now)
I wasn’t hungry. If I had been hungry, I would have eaten something. (past)

Part B:

Do not use would in the if-part of the sentence. We use would in the other part of the sentence:
If I had seen you, I would have said hello. (not If I would have seen you)
Note that ‘d can be would or had:
If I’d seen you, (I’d seen= I had seen)
I’d have said hello. (I’d have said = I would have said)

Part C:

We use had (done) in the same way after wish. I wish something had happened= I am sorry that it didn’t happen:
I wish I’d known that Gary was ill. I would have gone to see him. (but I didn’t know)
I feel sick. I wish I hadn’t eaten so much cake. (I ate too much cake)
Do you wish you’d studied science instead of languages? (you didn’t study science)
Do not use would have .. . after wish:
The weather was cold when we were on holiday. I wish it had been warmer. (not I wish it would have been)

Part D:

Compare would (do) and would have (done):
If I’d gone to the party last night, I would be tired now. (I am not tired now – present)
If I’d gone to the party last night, I would have met lots of people. (I didn’t meet lots of people- past)
Compare would have, could have and might have:
we would have gone out.
we could have gone out.
If the weather hadn’t been so bad, (= we would have been able to go out)
we might have gone out. (=perhaps we would have gone out)

Leave your questions or comments below.

Please Login to comment
Notify of

Login and join this discussion.

This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Sasan 2 days, 20 hours ago.

  • Author
  • #40593

    Dr. Hariri

    Would you rather be happy yet slow-witted and unimaginative, or unhappy yet bright and creative? For instance, would you rather live the life of a brilliant yet tortured artist, such as Vincent van Gogh, or that of a happy but carefree soul who is a bit simple-minded?

  • #40672


    I prefer to challenge this question at first and bring up my viewpoint next.
    There are different successful people in the world who reached the apex through different procedures. Although some have faced torture to reach their goals, it does not mean we have to necessarily lose something in our life to climb the ladder of success. Anyway, I suppose the most enjoyable part of life is making progress and relying on your abilities to flourish and thrive. So, I personally go for intelligence and innovation rather than happiness along with naivety. Many people have lived an ordinary life so far and repeating this story can never excite me at all. We need to gain new adventurous experiences and foster our abilities so as to break out of comfort zone.

You must be logged in to reply to this topic.

Close Menu