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English Grammar in Use – Unit 43: Passive Voice

Part A:

Study the following active and passive forms:

Infinitive active (to) do/clean/see etc. Somebody will clean this room later.

passive (to) be+ done/cleaned/seen etc. This room will be cleaned later.

The situation is serious. Something must be done before ifs too late.

A mystery is something that can’t be explained.

The music was very loud and could be heard from a long way away.

A new supermarket is going to be built next year.

Please go away. I want to be left alone.

Part B:

Perfect infinitive active (to) have + done/cleaned/seen etc. Somebody should have cleaned the room

passive (to) have been + done/cleaned/seen etc. The room should have been cleaned.

I should have received the letter by now. It might have been sent to the wrong address.

If you had locked the car, it wouldn’t have been stolen.

There were some problems at first, but they seem to have been solved.

Part C:

Present perfect active have/has + done etc. The room looks nice. Somebody has cleaned it.

passive have/has been + done etc. The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.

Have you heard? The t rip has been cancelled.

Have you ever been bitten by a dog?

‘Are you going to the party?’ ‘No, I haven’t been invited.’

Past perfect

active had + done etc.

passive had been + done etc.

The room looked nice. Somebody had cleaned it.

The room looked nice. It had been cleaned.

The vegetables didn’t taste good. They had been cooked too long.

The car was three years old, but hadn’t been used very much.

Part D:

Present continuous

active am/ is/are + (do)ing Somebody is cleaning the room at the moment.

I

passive am/ is/are + being (done) The room is being cleaned at the moment.

There’s somebody walking behind us. I think we are being followed.

(in a shop) ‘Can I help you?’ ‘No, thanks. I’m being served.’

Past continuous

active was/were+ (do)ing Somebody was cleaning the room when I arrived.

passive was/were + being (done) The room was being cleaned when I arrived.

There was somebody walking behind us. I think we were being followed.

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