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English Grammar in Use – Unit 33: “Should”

expectation - English grammarExpectation –

Expectation – English Grammar

Part A:

The focus of this course is: Expectation – English Grammar

You do something= it is a good thing to do or the right thing to do. You can use to give advice or to give an opinion:
You look tired. You should go to bed.
The government should do more to improve education.
‘Should we invite Stephanie to the party?’ ‘Yes, I think we should.’
We often use should with I think or I don’t think or Do you think … ?:
I think the government should do more to improve education.
I don’t think you should work so hard.
‘Do you think I should apply for this job?’ ‘Yes, I think you should.’
You shouldn’t do something= it isn’t a good thing to do:
You shouldn’t believe everything you read in the newspapers.
Should is not as strong as or :
You should apologise. (=it would be a good thing to do)
You must apologise. I You have to apologise. (=you have no alternative)

Part B:

You can use should when something is not right or what you expect:
Where’s Tina? She should be here by now. (=she isn’t here yet, and this is not normal)
The price on this packet is wrong. It should be £2.50, not £3.50.
That man on the motorbike should be wearing a helmet.
We also use should to say that we expect something to happen:
Helen has been studying hard for the exam, so she should pass. ( = I expect her to pass)
There are plenty of hotels in the town. It shouldn’t be hard to find a place to stay. (= I don’t expect it to be hard)

Part C:

You something= you didn’t do it, but it would have been the right thing to do:
You missed a great party last night. You should have come. Why didn’t you? (=you didn’t come, but it would have been good to come)
I wonder why they’re so late. They should have got here long ago.
You shouldn’t have done something= you did it, but it was the wrong thing to do:
I’m feeling sick. I shouldn’t have eaten so much. (= I ate too much)
She shouldn’t have been Listening to our conversation. It was private. (= she was listening)
Compare should (do) and should have (done):
You look tired. You should go to bed now.
You went to bed very late last night. You should have gone to bed earlier.

Part D:

You can use ought to instead of should in the sentences on this page. We say ‘ought to do’ (with to):
Do you think I ought to apply for this job? (= Do you think I should apply … ?)
Jack ought not to go to bed so late. (= Jack shouldn’t go … )
It was a great party last night. You ought to have come.
Helen has been studying hard for the exam, so she ought to pass.

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This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Sasan 6 hours, 17 minutes ago.

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  • #40593

    Dr. Hariri

    Would you rather be happy yet slow-witted and unimaginative, or unhappy yet bright and creative? For instance, would you rather live the life of a brilliant yet tortured artist, such as Vincent van Gogh, or that of a happy but carefree soul who is a bit simple-minded?

  • #40672


    I prefer to challenge this question at first and bring up my viewpoint next.
    There are different successful people in the world who reached the apex through different procedures. Although some have faced torture to reach their goals, it does not mean we have to necessarily lose something in our life to climb the ladder of success. Anyway, I suppose the most enjoyable part of life is making progress and relying on your abilities to flourish and thrive. So, I personally go for intelligence and innovation rather than happiness along with naivety. Many people have lived an ordinary life so far and repeating this story can never excite me at all. We need to gain new adventurous experiences and foster our abilities so as to break out of comfort zone.

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