Pluralization in English – Easy Learning English – ELE

Pluralization in English

Pluralization in English

Shapour Khodaparast at LELB Society


Article: A Basic Education Course for Adult Learners

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ShaPour KhodaParast presents you How We Can Easily Speak English.

This course of study is designed for adult learners with basic knowledge of English.

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Easy Learning English - ELE

Easy Learning English – ELE

  • Grammar Tips
  • a/an, plural nouns
  • We use “a” before words beginning with a consonant: a birda friend
  • We use “an” before words beginning with a vowel: an artistan ankle
  • Do you know how many are there vowel letters in English alphabet?
  • Can you remember?
  • So, let me review vowel letters in English too.
  • We have 26 alphabet letters in English and there are five vowel letters in it and all the rest are consonant letters.
  • AEOIU, these are vowel letters in English alphabet letters.
  • There are no articles for plural words: peppers, three books, keys
  • A book – three books – an open book – a key – a knife – a glass – a man – a box
  • Open books – a close window – close windows – a big mouth – a big head
  • a/an, plural nouns
  • Regular plurals:
  • We have two kinds of form for a noun.
  • Singular form that use just for one things. Like (An applea dog)
  • Plural form that use for more than one things, like (applesdogs)
  • most nouns can change from singular form to plurals form with adding “s” to the end of singular form.
  • For example: (an apple: apples) without the article form.
  • Pepper: peppershouse: housessalt: salts –  shirt: shirts
  • Some nouns ending in (-s, –ss, –sh, –ch, –x, –o) in singular form change to plural form with adding “es” to the end of singular form.
  • For example: (a bus: busses) without the article form.
  • glass: glassestomato: tomatoes –  bush: bushes

sandwich: sandwiches –  box: boxes –  watch: watches

  • But we have some exception form too but few like (A photo: photos)
  • And nouns ending in vowel with “-y” at the end of it like “A Toy” change this way
  • A toy: toys pay attention before “y” we have a vowel lettero” and as we know it before we have five vowel letters (a, I, e, o, u).
  • For more examples look at these words: boy: boyskey: keysdonkey: donkeys
  • And nouns ending in consonants with “-y” at the end of it like “A strawberry” change this way: A strawberry: strawberries pay attention before “y” we have consonant letter.
  • For example: A dictionary: dictionariesfly: fliesparty: parties
  • We also have two kinds of plural forms for a noun
  • So, there are two forms for plural nouns, Regular plurals and Irregular plurals
  • For example:
  • Nouns ending in “-f, –fe” in singular form easily change and follow rules
  • For example: leaf: leavesloaf: loaveswife: wivesknife: knives
  • But some nouns have irregular plurals.
  • Each of them forms the plural in a different way.
  • Have a look at these nouns with different plural forms:
  • man: menwoman: women –  child: childrentooth: teethfoot: feet mouse: mice
  • and there are also nouns that don’t change in the plural form.
  • For example: sheep: sheepfish: fishdeer: deer
  • With Best wishesGood luck



Written by ShaPour KhodaParast

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