Social Presence and Interactivity in Online Social Contexts
Social Presence and Interactivity
Peer-Assessment and Student-Driven Negotiation of Meaning: Two Ingredients for Creating Social Presence in Online EFL Social Contexts.
Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl and Dr. Susan Marandi
With the current availability of state-of-the-art technology, particularly the Internet, people have expanded their channels of communication. This has similarly led to many people utilizing technology to learn second/foreign languages. Nevertheless, many current computer-assisted language learning (CALL) programs still appear to be lacking in interactivity and what is termed social presence, which is in turn an obstacle to the learners assuming active roles in their online experience of L2 learning. Consequently, the existing CALL programs do not seem to have updated themselves from the obsolete behavioristic and communicative genres to reach for the integrative one to yield optimum interactivity. The present study has attempted to cast light on the prospect of creating an online learning community that could optimize the patterns of interaction among the students and the teacher with the intention of creating online social presence. Using a qualitative research based on grounded theory, the researchers attempted to collect and analyze the data vis-à-vis the participants’ feedback on the research questions that were cyclically obtained from 42 English students of the first researcher’s weblog through 41 semi-structured interviews at the end of each virtual class on Skype and Discord over one year. The results suggested that content-based instruction (CBI) in which the students can opt for and create the content of the course through engaging in asynchronous activities and performing peer-assessment in the comment forms and discussion boards before practicing negotiation of meaning in each synchronous class could maximize the level of student-student interactivity and social presence among the L2 learners.
Keywords: social presence, peer-assessment, negotiation of meaning, content-based instruction
How to Cite This Article in APA Style
Hariri Asl, M. H., & Marandi, S. (2017). Peer-assessment and student-driven negotiation of meaning: Two ingredients for creating social presence in online EFL social contexts. Issues in Language Teaching, 6(1), 117-144. doi:10.22054/ILT.2017.8421
Journal: Issues in Language Teaching
Essentials of Practical Writing
Essentials of Practical Writing is intended to help the reader to start writing academically. The promising organization of the materials in the chapters per se helps the ease of understanding on the part of the reader.
Essentials of Practical Writing is a combination of both theory and practice, in which it has been attempted to meet the urgent needs of university students of English and everyone else who truly intends to write like professionals.
Above all, no matter of how the readers are categorized according to their levels of proficiency in both general English and writing, they, even novices, can get the most out of this English coursebook simply through paying special attention to the presented points, effective and clarifying exercises, and opportunities in which they are inspired to create paragraphs and pieces of writing of their own.
Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl
Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl’s Biography
Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl has a Ph.D. degree in Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch in Tehran. I’m the creator and administrator of LELB Society, which is an online learning community to practice English academically. I have been teaching English to the blind in the Ministry of Education. I have also been teaching English on my website for seven years. I am the co-author of the course book, Essentials of Practical Writing. I am the inventor of Visual Braille System.
I’m a professional blogger, podcaster, and a YouTuber with numerous YouTube subscribers all across the world. I have created and published hundreds of original English lessons on my YouTube and Aparat channels.
- Coursebook: Essentials of Practical Writing
- Article: Peer-Assessment and Student-Driven Negotiation of Meaning: Two Ingredients for Creating Social Presence in Online EFL Social Contexts
The writer, typesetter and designer of the coursebook: Essentials for Practical Writing
The Inventor of Hariri’s Writing System
From the Minister of Education
Top Researcher and Student
For Organizing Extracurricular Activities
Top Student in MA Studies