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Empiricism and Experiential Learning | TESL Issues

Empiricism

, and were the founders of empiricism in the 17thcentury.

Knowledge is derived from experience of the .

Information is copied by sensations and images, remembered, associated with other stored information. Complex ideas result from associating simple ideas.

Infant is born as a ‘’, i.e. a blank or .

Proponent: John Locke

Functionalist and ‘usage-based’ models which have arisen in contrast to the leading Rationalist theory of Noam reveal a central concern for understanding the interaction of children with the data during the time course of .

Karl criticises empiricism in this way: Whatever there is serialization of units, the set of units must be organised. What then determines the order? There must be a higher order organiser and this requires a cognitive representation.

Empiricist theories attempt to explain language acquisition without attributing to children . and (1989, 1987) propose a “ and ” of language acquisition, according with general ‘connectionist’ modeling and with a “language making capacity”. A usage based account hypothesizes that language acquisition is based on item by item (, 2000).


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