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IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth

Published on August 24th, 2017 | Last updated on February 5th, 2021 by | Category: IELTS Essay Writing Practice | 1 Comment on IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth | 117 Views | Reading Time: 18 minutes

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth

Instructions:

The table, graph or bar chart below shows population figures for India and China since the year 2000 and predicted population growth up until 2050.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information delineated in the graph.

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth LELB Society

General Information

  • You have 20 minutes for this task.
  • Your essay should consist of at least 150 words.
  • The "IELTS"

    IELTS

    The International English Language Testing System or IELTS /ˈ.ɛlts/, is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, and was established in 1989. IELTS is one of the major English-language tests in the world, others being the TOEFL, TOEIC and OPI/OPIc.

    IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.

     “>IELTS Writing Task 1 is an information transfer task, which requires you to write an accurate account of some information presented in graphic form, for example, a graph, table, or some form of a pictorial representation of Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data.

  • Your addressee is a university lecturer.
  • It is important to read the instructions closely to specify the main focus of your report.

Planning Your Task

  • Make sure to spend around 3 to 5 minutes planning and organizing your answer. That is to say, do NOT start writing immediately. During this pre-writing time, try to analyze the delineated Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data carefully.

  • In the exam, you can write notes on the illustration and in a clearly defined space on the front of your answer paper.
  • Your notes could be in abbreviated forms in order to save time. Remember that your notes are personal and won’t be assessed.
  • During planning, decide which significant details will be discussed to reflect the task requirements.
  • While planning your task, you should determine the time period so that the correct tense is used.

How to Start Writing?

  • It is recommended that you start your "IELTS"

    IELTS

    The International English Language Testing System or IELTS /ˈ.ɛlts/, is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, and was established in 1989. IELTS is one of the major English-language tests in the world, others being the TOEFL, TOEIC and OPI/OPIc.

    IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.

     “>IELTS Writing Task 1 with a restatement of the keywords in the instructions. In so doing, you will give a broad overview of the details in the pictorial form.

  • You should write one clear sentence to introduce the illustration.
  • After your general introduction, you should write one or two sentences to indicate the relationships between the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data or demonstrate a trend.

  • Write more sentences to Provide: Verb

    "provide"/prəˈvaɪd/

    verb [T]

    to give someone something that they need:

    This booklet provides useful information about local services.

    All meals are provided throughout the course.

    The author provides no documentary references to support her assertions.

    “>provide a more in-depth account of the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data that transcends your general statement.

How to Analyze the Graph?

  • Do not try to describe the graph in a linear or sequential order. Instead, you must develop a nonlinear and profound understanding of the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data.

Concluding Paragraph

  • Since the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data with a pictorial form are not accessible to your addressee, who is a university lecturer, you ought to come to a conclusion to make sense of the whole Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data. In your concluding paragraph, you can use the notes you took while analyzing and organizing the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data in your pre-writing activity lasting for 3 to 5 minutes.

  • You should write one sentence to Conclude: Verb /kənˈkluːd/

    "conclude-1" "conclude"

     

     

     

     
    1. [I or T] to end a speech, meeting or piece of writing:
    She concluded the speech by reminding us of our responsibility.
    Before I conclude, I’d like to thank you all for coming.
    The concert concluded with a rousing chorus.

    2. [T] to judge or decide something after some consideration:
    [+ that] The jury concluded from the evidence that the defendant was innocent.
    We talked late into the night, but nothing was concluded.

    3. [T] to complete an official agreement or task, or arrange a business deal”>conclude your writing.

Important Tips

  • As it is Typical: Adjective

    "typical"/ˈtɪp.ɪ.kəl/ adjective

    1. showing all the characteristics that you would usually expect from a particular group of things:

    I must look like the typical tourist with my shorts and my camera.

    2. DISAPPROVING showing all the bad characteristics that you expect from someone or something, often in a way that is annoying:

    It’s just typical of Ian to spend all that money on the equipment and then lose interest half way through the course.

    “>typical of any writing task, it is strongly recommended that you proofread your own report for Possible: Adjective

    "possible"/ˈpɒs.ə.bļ/ US /ˈpɑː.sə-/
    adjective [+ (that)]
    that might or might not happen:
    It’s possible (that) Mira might turn up tonight.
    "Do you think he’ll end up in prison?" "It’s very possible."
    That’s one possible solution to the problem.“>possible mistakes.

Verbs to Describe the Data

  1. Decline ⬇️
  2. Decrease: Verb

    "decrease"/dɪˈkriːs/ US /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    verb [I or T]
    to become less, or to make something become less:
    Our share of the market has decreased sharply this year.
    We have decreased our involvement in children’s books.
    decrease /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    noun [C or U]
    There has been a steady decrease in the number of visitors.
    I haven’t noticed much decrease in interest.“>Decrease ⬇️

  3. Fall ⬇️
  4. Grow ⬆️
  5. Increase ⬆️
  6. Rise ⬆️

Intensifiers to Describe the Data

  1. Dramatically
  2. Gradually
  3. Moderately
  4. Rapidly
  5. Sharply
  6. Slightly
  7. Slowly
  8. Steadily

Another Dominant Structure

ThereArticleAdjectiveDescriptive NounPrepositional Phrase (in what)
  • There is
  • There was
  • There has been
  • There will be
a(n)
  • ascending
  • considerable
  • descending
  • downward
  • dramatic
  • gradual
  • insignificant
  • moderate
  • noticeable
  • Rapid: Adjective

    "rapid"/ˈræp.ɪd/
    adjective
    fast or sudden:
    The 1990s were a period of rapid change/growth.
    I was startled by a rapid movement to my left.
    His response to the accusation was rapid.“>rapid

  • sharp
  • significant
  • slight
  • slow
  • steady
  • upward
  • decline
  • Decrease: Verb

    "decrease"/dɪˈkriːs/ US /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    verb [I or T]
    to become less, or to make something become less:
    Our share of the market has decreased sharply this year.
    We have decreased our involvement in children’s books.
    decrease /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    noun [C or U]
    There has been a steady decrease in the number of visitors.
    I haven’t noticed much decrease in interest.“>decrease

  • drop
  • fall
  • fluctuation
  • grow
  • increase
  • rise
  • trend
in something

Essayist: Arash

The line graph demonstrates population figures for India and China since the year 2000 and predicted population growth up until 2050. The vertical axis indicates the total populations (in billions) and the horizontal axis shows the period between 2000 and 2050.
From 2000 to 2025, there was a gradual rise in both countries’ population and eventually, in 2030, the population of both countries was the same with the population of over one billion and four hundred million. There was an insignificant decline in the population of China from 2030 to 2050, however, at the same period of time, there was a considerable increase in the population of India from over one billion and four hundred million to one billion and six hundred million.
To conclude, the line graph illustrates that there has been an upward trend for the population of India in this period of time and it will be increased slowly in the future. On the other hand, the population of China will be decreased moderately after this period.


Examiner’s Notes:

  • Paragraph 1
  • Paragraph 2:
    • Line 2: one billion and four hundred million :arrow: 1.4 billion
  • Paragraph 3:
    • Line 1: will be increased :arrow: will increase
    • Line 2: will be decreased :arrow: will decrease
  • Chart Analysis:
    • You don’t need to refer to the vertical or horizontal axes of the line graph. Instead, you should interpret the graph.
    • The most important factor in this task is to be able to interpret the data. You have not provided an accurate account of the visualized data.
    • Some examples:
      • There has been a sharp / steady increase in India’s population from 2000 to 2050, while China’s population has undergone some fluctuation.
      • China’s population seems to adopt a descending trend in the future; accordingly, we can conclude that this country has been more successful in controlling overpopulation issues.
  • Choice of Words (Diction): Above average
  • Coherence: Good
  • Cohesion: Good
  • Grammar: Good
  • Reasoning: You should also develop some implicit reasoning, i.e. making inferences.
  • Word Count: “170” Great!

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth

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1 thought on “IELTS Writing Task 1 | Population Growth”

  1. The line graph demonstrates population figures for India and China since the year 2000 and predicted population growth up until 2050. The vertical axis indicates the total populations (in billions) and the horizontal axis shows the period between 2000 and 2050.
    From 2000 to 2025, there was a gradual rise in both countries’ population and eventually, in 2030, the population of both countries was the same with the population of over one billion and four hundred million. There was an insignificant decline in the population of China from 2030 to 2050, however, at the same period of time, there was a considerable increase in the population of India from over one billion and four hundred million to one billion and six hundred million.
    To conclude, the line graph illustrates that there has been an upward trend for the population of India in this period of time and it will be increased slowly in the future. On the other hand, the population of China will be decreased moderately after this period.

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