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IELTS Writing Task 1 | Leisure Time

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IELTS Writing Task 1 | Leisure Time

?Instructions:

The table, graph or bar chart below shows the number of hours of leisure time during a week enjoyed by males and females across various status.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information delineated in the graph.

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Leisure Time LELB SocietyGeneral Information

  • You have 20 minutes for this task.
  • Your essay should consist of at least 150 words.
  • The IELTS Writing Task 1 is an information transfer task, which requires you to write an accurate account of some information presented in graphic form, for example, a graph, table, or some form of a pictorial representation of data.
  • Your addressee is a university lecturer.
  • It is important to read the instructions closely to specify the main focus of your report.

Planning Your Task

  • Make sure to spend around 3 to 5 minutes planning and organizing your answer. That is to say, do NOT start writing immediately. During this pre-writing time, try to analyze the delineated data carefully.
  • In the exam, you can write notes on the illustration and in a clearly defined space on the front of your answer paper.
  • Your notes could be in abbreviated forms in order to save time. Remember that your notes are personal and won’t be assessed.
  • During planning, decide which significant details will be discussed to reflect the task requirements.
  • While planning your task, you should determine the time period so that the correct tense is used.

How to Start Writing?

  • It is recommended that you start your IELTS Writing Task 1 with a restatement of the keywords in the instructions. In so doing, you will give a broad overview of the details in the pictorial form.
  • You should write one clear sentence to introduce the illustration.
  • After your general introduction, you should write one or two sentences to indicate the relationships between the data or demonstrate a trend.
  • Write more sentences to provide a more in-depth account of the data that transcends your general statement.

How to Analyze the Graph?

  • Do not try to describe the graph in a linear or sequential order. Instead, you must develop a nonlinear and profound understanding of the data.

Concluding Paragraph

  • Since the data with a pictorial form are not accessible to your addressee, who is a university lecturer, you ought to come to a conclusion to make sense of the whole data. In your concluding paragraph, you can use the notes you took while analyzing and organizing the data in your pre-writing activity lasting for 3 to 5 minutes.
  • You should write one sentence to conclude your writing.

Important Tips

  • As it is typical of any writing task, it is strongly recommended that you proofread your own report for possible mistakes.

Verbs to Describe the Data

  1. Decline ⬇️
  2. Decrease ⬇️
  3. Fall ⬇️
  4. Grow ⬆️
  5. Increase ⬆️
  6. Rise ⬆️

Intensifiers to Describe the Data

  1. Dramatically
  2. Gradually
  3. Moderately
  4. Rapidly
  5. Sharply
  6. Slightly
  7. Slowly
  8. Steadily

Another Dominant Structure

ThereArticleAdjectiveDescriptive NounPrepositional Phrase (in what)
  • There is
  • There was
  • There has been
  • There will be
a(n)
  • ascending
  • considerable
  • descending
  • downward
  • dramatic
  • gradual
  • insignificant
  • moderate
  • noticeable
  • rapid
  • sharp
  • significant
  • slight
  • slow
  • steady
  • upward
in something

? Essayist: Arash

The bar chart demonstrates the number of hours of leisure time enjoyed by males and females in a typical week according to gender and .
Among those employed , men had forty-five hours of leisure, whereas women had approximately thirty-seven hours. In the unemployed and retired categories, leisure time showed an increase for both sexes, as might have been expected. Here also men enjoyed more leisure time over eighty hours, seventy hours for women, perhaps reflecting the fact that women spend more time working in the home than men. There were no figures given for males workers, however, females had forty hours of leisure time, only slightly more than females in full-time employment.
Lastly, housewives enjoyed fifty hours of leisure, on average. Overall, the chart illustrates that in the categories for which statistics on males leisure time were available, men enjoyed at least ten hours of extra leisure time.


✅ Examiner’s Notes:

  • Paragraph 1
  • Paragraph 2:
    • Line 1: 45 hours of leisure ➡ 45 hours of leisure time
      • You have made the same mistake in a couple of other cases.
    • Line 2: for both sexes ➡ in both sexes
    • Line 2: It’s better to replace “here” with “in the same categories/groups”.
    • Line 3: working in the home: working at home
    • Line 4: males part-time workers ➡ male / female part-time workers
      • In these sentences, “males and females” are adjectives, and they cannot be pluralized.
  • Chart Analysis:
    • In Paragraph 4, you have referred to the amount of leisure time in housewives, which is not a conclusion, but an obvious and precise fact.
    • You have not used intensifiers adequately. For example, you could use “precisely/exactly” to refer to the amount of leisure time enjoyed by housewives.
    • Although you have made some inferences based on the data, you could still go into more details to interpret the data.
    • You did not mention that it is surprising that male part-time workers did not have any leisure time at all.
  • Choice of Words (Diction): You need to use more formal words.
  • Coherence: Good.
  • Cohesion: Average
  • Grammar: Needs improvement
  • Reasoning: Good, but you should make more inferences.
  • Word Count: “156” Good

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Leisure Time

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Leisure Time

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Arash

The bar chart demonstrates the number of hours of leisure time enjoyed by males and females in a typical week according to gender and employment status.
Among those employed full-time, men on average had forty-five hours of leisure, whereas women had approximately thirty-seven hours. In the unemployed and retired categories, leisure time showed an increase for both sexes, as might have been expected. Here also men enjoyed more leisure time over eighty hours, compared with seventy hours for women, perhaps reflecting the fact that women spend more time working in the home than men. There were no figures given for males part-time workers, however, females part-time had forty hours of leisure time, only slightly more than females in full-time employment.
Lastly, housewives enjoyed fifty hours of leisure, on average. Overall, the chart illustrates that in the categories for which statistics on males leisure time were available, men enjoyed at least ten hours of extra leisure time.

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