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IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels

Published on September 18th, 2017 | Last updated on February 5th, 2021 by | Category: IELTS Essay Writing Practice | 6 Comments on IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels | 123 Views | Reading Time: 20 minutes

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels

Instructions:

The graph below shows the pollution levels in London between 1600 and 2000. prospect in 2025.

Outline the information shown in the graph by selecting and reporting the main features. You can also make comparisons if necessary.

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels LELB Society


LELB Student: Sasan

The given graph demonstrates how the densities of Sulphur dioxide and smoke changed in London from 1600 to 2000. Overall, the densities of these gases were on the rise til 1870 approximately, but they dwindled in the rest of the time span.
Elaborating on the details, in 1600, the density of Sulphur dioxide was about 250 micro grams per cubic meter, whereas that of smoke was almost 50 micro grams per cubic meter. Moreover, with the passage of time, the aforementioned densities rose gradually and the difference between the densities of these two materials grew until 1970 at which they hit their pinnacles, reaching 900 and 400 micro grams per cubic meter respectively. It should be noted that the density changes of Sulphur dioxide was more unstable compared to that of smoke in this period of time. Afterwards, they both plummeted turbulently and reached zero roughly, in 2000.


Examiner’s Notes:

  • Paragraph 1:
    • Line 2: til :arrow: “till”. It’s better to use “until” because “till” is informal.
    • Line 2: It’s better to place “approximately” right before the value or statistics it tries to explain.
  • Paragraph 2:
    • Line 3: It’s better to use “substance” for “materials” because “materials” are referred to only solid substances, whereas you are referring to gases, here.
    • Line 3: … until 1970 at which :arrow: … in which
    • Line 3: “pinnacle” with the meaning of “crowning achievement” is uncountable.
    • Line 4: Better to use “density fluctuation” instead of “density changes”
    • Line 4: You should not capitalize “sulfur dioxide” in the running text.
    • Last line: roughly zero
  • Chart Analysis:
    • Your first paragraph sounds like an overview that should be placed at the end of the report. In the first paragraph, you should give a very brief description of the variables reflected in the instructions.
    • They did NOT reach their pinnacle in 1970. It was around 1900.
    • In the middle of the twentieth century, the density of smoke was subject to considerable fluctuation.
  • Choice of Words (Diction): You need to use more technical intensifiers and adverbs to specify the values.
  • Coherence: Great!
  • Cohesion: Good
  • Grammar: Great!
  • Reasoning: Fair
  • Word Count: “148” Your report should include at least 150 words.

General Information

  • You have 20 minutes for this task.
  • Your summary should consist of at least 150 words.
  • The "IELTS"

    IELTS

    The International English Language Testing System or IELTS /ˈ.ɛlts/, is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, and was established in 1989. IELTS is one of the major English-language tests in the world, others being the TOEFL, TOEIC and OPI/OPIc.

    IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.

     “>IELTS Writing Task 1 is an information transfer task, which requires you to write an accurate account of some information presented in graphic form, for example, a graph, table, or some form of a pictorial representation of Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data.

  • Your addressee is a university lecturer.
  • It is important to read the instructions closely to specify the main focus of your report.

Planning Your Task

  • Make sure to spend around 2 to 3 minutes planning and organizing your answer. That is to say, do NOT start writing immediately. During this pre-writing time, try to analyze the delineated Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data carefully.

  • In the exam, you can write notes on the illustration and in a clearly defined space on the front of your answer paper.
  • Your notes could be in abbreviated forms in order to save time. Remember that your notes are personal and won’t be assessed.
  • During planning, decide which significant details will be discussed to reflect the task requirements. For example:
    • The apex (high points) or base (low points)
    • Steady pace or rate of changes
    • Fluctuation in the rate of changes
  • While planning your task, you should determine the time period so that the correct tense is used.

How to Start Writing?

  • It is recommended that you start your "IELTS"

    IELTS

    The International English Language Testing System or IELTS /ˈ.ɛlts/, is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, and was established in 1989. IELTS is one of the major English-language tests in the world, others being the TOEFL, TOEIC and OPI/OPIc.

    IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.

     “>IELTS Writing Task 1 with a restatement of the keywords in the instructions. In so doing, you will give a brief description of the details in the pictorial form.

  • You should write one clear sentence to introduce the illustration.
  • After your general description, you should write one or two sentences to indicate the relationships between the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data or demonstrate a trend.

  • Write more sentences to Provide: Verb

    "provide"/prəˈvaɪd/

    verb [T]

    to give someone something that they need:

    This booklet provides useful information about local services.

    All meals are provided throughout the course.

    The author provides no documentary references to support her assertions.

    “>provide a more in-depth account of the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data that transcends your general statement.

How to Analyze the Graph?

  • In your second paragraph, you should give a detailed account of the visual data reflected in the graph or chart.
  • Do not try to describe the graph in a linear or sequential order. Instead, you must develop a nonlinear and profound understanding of the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data.

Providing an Overview

  • Since the Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data with a pictorial form are not accessible to your addressee, who is a university lecturer, you ought to provide a brief overview of the general trends and patterns to make sense of the whole Data: Noun

    "data"/ˈdeɪ.tə/ US /-ţə/

    group noun [U]

    information, especially facts or numbers, collected for examination and consideration and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by a computer:

    The data was/were collected by various researchers.

    “>data. Remember that IELTS Writing Task 1 is NOT an essay. Instead, it’s just a summary of some visual data. Accordingly, the existence of a conclusion is not necessary; however, it is strongly recommended to give an overall overview of the data.

Important Tips

  • You can write your summary either in British or American English style, but you need to be consistent throughout your summary.
  • As it is Typical: Adjective

    "typical"/ˈtɪp.ɪ.kəl/ adjective

    1. showing all the characteristics that you would usually expect from a particular group of things:

    I must look like the typical tourist with my shorts and my camera.

    2. DISAPPROVING showing all the bad characteristics that you expect from someone or something, often in a way that is annoying:

    It’s just typical of Ian to spend all that money on the equipment and then lose interest half way through the course.

    “>typical of any writing task, it is strongly recommended that you proofread your own report for Possible: Adjective

    "possible"/ˈpɒs.ə.bļ/ US /ˈpɑː.sə-/
    adjective [+ (that)]
    that might or might not happen:
    It’s possible (that) Mira might turn up tonight.
    "Do you think he’ll end up in prison?" "It’s very possible."
    That’s one possible solution to the problem.“>possible mistakes.

Verbs to Describe the Data

  1. Decline ⬇️
  2. Decrease: Verb

    "decrease"/dɪˈkriːs/ US /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    verb [I or T]
    to become less, or to make something become less:
    Our share of the market has decreased sharply this year.
    We have decreased our involvement in children’s books.
    decrease /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    noun [C or U]
    There has been a steady decrease in the number of visitors.
    I haven’t noticed much decrease in interest.“>Decrease ⬇️

  3. Fall ⬇️
  4. Grow ⬆️
  5. Increase ⬆️
  6. Plummet ⬇️
  7. Rise ⬆️

Intensifiers to Describe the Data

  1. Dramatically
  2. Gradually
  3. Moderately
  4. Rapidly
  5. Sharply
  6. Slightly
  7. Slowly
  8. Steadily

Another Dominant Structure

ThereArticleAdjectiveDescriptive NounPrepositional Phrase (in what)
  • There is
  • There was
  • There has been
  • There will be
a(n)
  • ascending
  • considerable
  • descending
  • downward
  • dramatic
  • gradual
  • insignificant
  • moderate
  • noticeable
  • Rapid: Adjective

    "rapid"/ˈræp.ɪd/
    adjective
    fast or sudden:
    The 1990s were a period of rapid change/growth.
    I was startled by a rapid movement to my left.
    His response to the accusation was rapid.“>rapid

  • sharp
  • significant
  • slight
  • slow
  • steady
  • upward
  • decline
  • Decrease: Verb

    "decrease"/dɪˈkriːs/ US /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    verb [I or T]
    to become less, or to make something become less:
    Our share of the market has decreased sharply this year.
    We have decreased our involvement in children’s books.
    decrease /ˈdiː.kriːs/
    noun [C or U]
    There has been a steady decrease in the number of visitors.
    I haven’t noticed much decrease in interest.“>decrease

  • drop
  • fall
  • fluctuation
  • grow
  • increase
  • rise
  • trend
in something

"IELTS"

IELTS

The International English Language Testing System or IELTS /ˈ.ɛlts/, is an international standardized test of English language proficiency for non-native English language speakers. It is jointly managed by the British Council, IDP: IELTS Australia and Cambridge English Language Assessment, and was established in 1989. IELTS is one of the major English-language tests in the world, others being the TOEFL, TOEIC and OPI/OPIc.

IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training are designed to cover the full range of ability from non-user to expert user. The Academic version is for test takers who want to study at tertiary level in an English-speaking country or seek professional registration. The General Training version is for test takers who want to work, train, study at a secondary school or migrate to an English-speaking country.

 “>IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels

IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels

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6 comments on “IELTS Writing Task 1 | Pollution Levels”

  1. The given graph demonstrates how the densities of Sulphur dioxide and smoke changed in London from 1600 to 2000. Overall, the densities of these gases were on the rise til 1870 approximately, but they dwindled in the rest of the time span.
    Elaborating on the details, in 1600, the density of Sulphur dioxide was about 250 micro grams per cubic meter, whereas that of smoke was almost 50 micro grams per cubic meter. Moreover, with the passage of time, the aforementioned densities rose gradually and the difference between the densities of these two materials grew until 1970 at which they hit their pinnacles, reaching 900 and 400 micro grams per cubic meter respectively. It should be noted that the density changes of Sulphur dioxide was more unstable compared to that of smoke in this period of time. Afterwards, they both plummeted turbulently and reached zero roughly, in 2000.

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