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Best English Documentary on Ancient Egypt

Published on September 18th, 2022 | Last updated on November 10th, 2022 by | 4 Comments on Best English Documentary on Ancient Egypt | 128 Views | Reading Time: 7 minutes

English documentary on Ancient Egypt with transcript and podcast to learn vocabulary in real context with illustrations and improve your listening comprehension at the same time. You can also select any text from the script and listen to it.

Source of documentary: National Geographic YouTube channel

Listening comprehension on Ancient Egypt

Reading comprehension on Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptian civilization lasted for over 3,000 years and became one of the most powerful and iconic civilizations in history. At its height, ancient Egypt’s empire stretched as far north as modern-day Syria and as far south as today’s Sudan. But long before it was an empire, ancient Egypt was a series of small independent city-states that bloomed along north Africa’s Nile river.

The Nile river in ancient Egypt

آموزش زبان فارسی درباره اهرام مصر به همراه ویدیو برای غیر فارسی زبانان

The city-states were divided into two regions and named according to the flow of the Nile: Upper Egypt in the south which was upstream and lower Egypt in the north which was downstream. By about 3100 BC, the two halves united, thereby creating one Egyptian state that lasted for millennia.

The reign of the civilization can be divided into three major periods of prosperity called the old, middle, and new kingdoms; and two periods of instability in between called the first and second intermediate periods.

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Pharaohs in ancient Egypt

Guiding the Egyptian people was a succession of about 300 rulers often referred to as pharaohs. Pharaoh, which means great house in Egyptian, was never the ruler’s formal title. It only became synonymous with the ruling individual in modern times thanks to its use in the Hebrew Bible. These rulers who were not always men nor Egyptian were considered protectors of the people and served as divine liaisons between humanity and the hundreds of gods they worshipped.

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Pharaohs’ afterlife

After the rulers passed away, ancient Egyptians believed they then became gods. To prepare their journey into the afterlife, the rulers constructed elaborate tombs including the great pyramids at Giza and underground mausoleums in the Valley of the Kings. Rulers filled their tombs with all the items they could need in the afterlife, including gold, jewelry, food, drink, and even pets.

Mummified pharaohs

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Preparing for this journey to the gods also involved mummifying one’s body. The deceased’s corpse was embalmed, wrapped in hundreds of yards of linen and placed inside the tomb so the body could be reanimated in the afterlife.

To this day, structures like the great pyramids are a testament to the role of religion in ancient Egyptians’ lives, but they also represent the innovative and cultural might of the Egyptian people.

Mathematics in ancient Egypt

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Innovations in mathematics and written language in particular propelled their civilization to success. Math, specifically measurement mathematics, helped Egyptians understand and harness their world with numbers like no other civilization had before. They developed a new form of measurement called the Cubit. It was used to design massive structures such as the great pyramid with remarkable geometrical precision.

Time measurement in ancient Egypt

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The Egyptians also measured time. by combining mathematics with astronomy, they established a 24-hour division to the day and created a solar calendar, which was the first dating system in history to feature 365 days in one year.

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Lastly Egyptians developed methods to measure and survey land around the Nile river. These civil engineering feats made way for the construction of dams, canals, and irrigation systems that helped farming and agriculture to flourish in the Nile valley.

Writing systems in ancient Egypt

Definition of Philology in real context and with examples

In addition to mathematical concepts, the ancient Egyptians also created written languages to describe the world around them. The oldest and probably most well-known of these is Hieroglyphic writing. This system was developed around 3150 BC during the old kingdom and has over 700 pictorial characters. It was used to inscribe monuments and pottery and predominantly served a decorative or ceremonial purpose.

Soon after, another ancient form of writing called Hieratic developed out of the Hieroglyphic system. it was a form of cursive that was written in ink and served a more functional purpose. Unlike its more formal predecessor, hieratic was written on another ancient Egyptian innovation, papyrus.

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The role of papyrus in writing

Papyrus was a type of paper derived from the papyrus plant which grew plentifully along the Nile river. This medium gave the ancient Egyptians a new avenue of communication and record keeping that allowed their civilization’s administrative skill to grow and their culture to spread for thousands of years.

The decline of ancient Egypt

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As with all great empires, ancient Egypt came to an end. It was eventually conquered after a series of invasions including those by the Persian empire in the 4th century BC and the Roman empire around 30 BC.

Not many civilizations can claim a lifespan of over 3000 years; let alone one that made vast cultural contributions that still resonate in modern times. Ancient Egypt with its linguistic and mathematical innovations, spirituality and religion, and extensive political and military might, set a high standard for all civilizations that followed.


About Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl

Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl is an English and Persian instructor, researcher, inventor, author, blogger, SEO expert, website developer, and the creator of LELB Society. He's got a PhD in TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language). Study our guest posting guidelines for authors.

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4 comments on “Best English Documentary on Ancient Egypt”

  1. I actually wondered that how those people build some big stuff like that. It is so cool and I actually want to be in that time.

    Reply
    • As you correctly said, carrying those huge and cumbersome bricks and blocks must have been extremely time-consuming and difficult. This is, in fact, one of the mysteries of ancient Egypt.

      Reply
  2. The ancient countries, e.g. Egypt, Greece, and Persia always make me wonder how come people in that long past were so civilized!

    Reply
    • Ancient Egypt has always been mysterious. Scientists and archeologists are still unraveling the mysteries of this antediluvian civilization.

      Reply

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