The line graph below shows the amount of money spent on books in Germany, France, Italy and Austria between 1995 and 2005.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
? LELB Society’s Student: Sasan
The graph shows information about the amount of money spent on books in some countries namely, Germany,((in some countries, namely Germany, France, …)) France, Italy and Austria, over a ten-year period between 1995 and 2005.
Overall, what stands out from the graph is that on average, the spending on books were((was)) on the rise even though there were some declines((decline is uncountable as a noun)) in expenditures((expenditure)) on books is some specific periods of time in some countries. In other words, all the above-mentioned countries reached their own apexes at the end of time period.
To be more elaborate, Germany ranked first((was ranked first)) in this interval((an interval is a period of time between 2 events or activities, and does NOT fit here.)) in terms of spending money on books, spending 80 million dollars in 1995 which was increased((which increased)) steadily to 90 million dollars in 1999 and then fell gradually to 85 million dollars in 2003 followed by a rise in the rest of the time span. Moreover, France which ranked second((which was ranked second)) spent almost 55 million dollars in 1995 which was grown((which grew)) year on year and reached 75 million dollars in 2005.
As regards the other countries, before 2003, compared to Austria, Italy was more enthusiastic about purchasing books, spending 50 million dollars in 1995. However, in 2003, Austria overtook Italy and jumped approximately to 62 million dollars in 2005.
✅ Examiner’s Notes:
- Visual Data Analysis
- Choice of Words (Diction): Good
- Coherence: Great
- Cohesion: Great
- Grammar: Above average
- Reasoning: Great
- Word Count: “201” Great!
- You have 20 minutes for this task.
- Your summary should consist of at least 150 words.
- The IELTS Writing Task 1 is an information transfer task, which requires you to write an accurate account of some information presented in graphic form, for example, a graph, table, or some form of a pictorial representation of data.
- Your addressee is a university lecturer.
- It is important to read the instructions closely to specify the main focus of your report.
Planning Your Task
- Make sure to spend around 2 to 3 minutes planning and organizing your answer. That is to say, do NOT start writing immediately. During this pre-writing time, try to analyze the delineated data carefully.
- In the exam, you can write notes on the illustration and in a clearly defined space on the front of your answer paper.
- Your notes could be in abbreviated forms in order to save time. Remember that your notes are personal and won’t be assessed.
- During planning, decide which significant details will be discussed to reflect the task requirements. For example:
- The apex (high points) or base (low points)
- Steady pace or rate of changes
- Fluctuation in the rate of changes
- While planning your task, you should determine the time period so that the correct tense is used.
How to Start Writing?
- It is recommended that you start your IELTS Writing Task 1 with a restatement of the keywords in the instructions. In so doing, you will give a brief description of the details in the pictorial form.
- You should write one clear sentence to introduce the illustration.
- After your general description, you should write one or two sentences to indicate the relationships between the data or demonstrate a trend.
- Write more sentences to provide a more in-depth account of the data that transcends your general statement.
How to Analyze the Graph?
- In your second paragraph, you should give a detailed account of the visual data reflected in the graph or chart.
- Do not try to describe the graph in a linear or sequential order. Instead, you must develop a nonlinear and profound understanding of the data.
Providing an Overview
- Since the data with a pictorial form are not accessible to your addressee, who is a university lecturer, you ought to provide a brief overview of the general trends and patterns to make sense of the whole data. Remember that IELTS Writing Task 1 is NOT an essay. Instead, it’s just a summary of some visual data. Accordingly, the existence of a conclusion is not necessary; however, it is strongly recommended to give an overall overview of the data.
- You can write your summary either in British or American English style, but you need to be consistent throughout your summary.
- As it is typical of any writing task, it is strongly recommended that you proofread your own report for possible mistakes.
Recognizing Similarities and Differences
- Mention the actual data (numbers, percentages, dates, units, etc.) in your comparison as long as the statistics are in line with the point you are trying to make.
Verbs to Describe the Data
- Decline ⬇
- Decrease ⬇
- Fall ⬇
- Grow ⬆
- Increase ⬆
- Plummet ⬇
- Rise ⬆
Intensifiers to Describe the Data
- In the same way (making comparisons)
- Similarly (making comparisons)
Another Dominant Structure
|There||Article||Adjective||Descriptive Noun||Prepositional Phrase (in what)|