The Father and His Sons Best English Tales

The Father And His Sons is an English short story or fable from Aesop to practice reading and listening comprehension in English. You can also improve your advanced vocabulary in context with images. Source of story: Gutenberg Project at www.gutenberg.org Video of The Father and His Sons The Father and His Sons A father had … Read more

Alms 601 Words You Need to Know to Pass Your Exam

Alms 601 Words You Need to Know to Pass Your Exam as a short word in English for advanced ESL learners, SAT & GRE candidates in authentic passages to improve your reading comprehension together with synonyms and illustrations /ɑːmz/ (noun) Definition food, money or clothing that is given to the poor as charity or donation, … Read more

The Lion and the Dolphin English Fairy Tale with Vocabulary Practice

The Lion and the Dolphin an English fairy tale from Aesop’s fables to practice reading and listening in real context and improve your advanced vocabulary with a podcast Source of story: Gutenberg Project at www.gutenberg.org The Lion and the Dolphin A lion roaming by the seashore saw a dolphin lift up its head out of the waves, … Read more

Largess 1100 Words You Need Week 43 Day 3

Largess 1100 Words You Need Week 43 Day 3 Largess 1100 Words You Need Week 43 Day 3 /lɑːˈʒes/ (noun) willingness to give money or charity to the poor, baksheesh, donation, largesse, generosity, money or gifts offered generously, munificence, liberality, bounty, benevolence, handout, gifts, assistance Internationally, two government-run pilot programs have concluded, both ending earlier … Read more

Aegis 1100 Words You Need Week 25 Day 3

Aegis 1100 Words You Need Aegis 1100 Words You Need /ˈiː.dʒɪs/ (noun) protection, shield, support, sponsorship, guidance, auspices Dominic Cummings is under the aegis of the Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, after details emerged that he travelled 250 miles to County Durham during the lockdown. Boris Johnson had come under pressure to sack his top aide … Read more

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) | TESL Issues

Zone of Proximal Development

Zone of Proximal Development

  • The Actual Developmental Level: According to Vygotsky (1978, p. 85), it is the level of development of the child’s mental functions that has been established as a result of certain already completed developmental cycles.
  • The Potential Developmental Level: It is performed through problem solving activities undertaken with the assistance of an adult (an expert) or through collaboration with peers (novices). This second level of development is the main one in ZPD. As Vygotsky has stated, it is the ‘bud’ rather than the ‘fruit’ of development.
  • In the third level of development, the learner is unable to perform the task even if assistance is provided.

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