Interactivity and Social Presence PhD Thesis

Interactivity and Social Presence is the topic of Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl’s Ph.D. thesis in Teaching English as a Foreign Language. PhD Thesis Title Interactivity and Social Presence: Two Ingredients for Creating an Effective Online Learning Community Researcher Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl, Ph.D. in TEFL Advisor Seyyedeh Susan Marandi, Ph.D. Reader Parviz Maftoon, … Read more

Classroom Ethnography | TESL Issues

Classroom Ethnography Classroom ethnography involves the kind of detailed descriptive work advocated by Johnson (1995). They emphasise the importance of obtaining multiple perspectives through triangulation. Watson-Gegeo (1997) distinguished four approaches to classroom ethnography: Ethnography of communication Micro-ethnography Discourse analysis Critical ethnography The ethnography of communication has its origins in anthropology and, in particular, in the … Read more

Action Research | Research Conduction

Action Research Action research was begun in the United States by Lewin (1946) in the 1940s as a means of addressing social problems. This type of research is often conducted by teachers in language classrooms. In addition, it focuses on particular features of classroom interaction. The term ‘action research’ is an approach to collecting and … Read more

Narrative Research | Research Conduction

Narrative Research Narrative Research The methods of conducting a narrative study do not follow a lock-step approach, but instead, represent an information collection of topics. Narrative research is best for capturing the detailed stories or life experiences of a single life or lives of a small number of individuals (Creswell, 2007). You should select one … Read more

Case Study Research | Research Conduction

Case Study Case study research involves the study of an issue explored through one or more cases within a bounded system (a setting or context). Case study research is a qualitative approach in which the investigator explores a bounded system (case) or multiple bounded systems (cases) over time through detailed, in-depth data collection involving multiple … Read more

Grounded Theory | Research Conduction

Grounded Theory Grounded theory is a quantitative research design in which the investigator moves beyond description and attempts to generate or discover a theory, an abstract analytical schema of a process, action or interaction (Strauss & Corbin, 1998). This theory-development does not come ‘off the shelf’ but rather is generated or ‘grounded’ in data from … Read more

Discussion and Interpretation of Data | Research Conduction

Discussion and Interpretation of Data Discussion and Interpretation of Data Do not purposely start a new page for this section. Simply center the word Discussion and continue typing on the very next double-spaced line. The purpose of this section is to evaluate and interpret, summarize, explain, compare, and contrast the results, especially with respect to … Read more