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Genuine Interaction in ESL Classes through Questions

Genuine interaction and critical thinking in ESL classes with questions written by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl

Triggering genuine interaction and critical thinking in ESL classes through challenging questions to optimize classroom interaction and social presence among L2 learners Author: Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl Video of genuine interaction in ESL classes Watch this video on YouTube. Abstract These days, insufficient attention is being paid to the significance of proper questions, the…

Interactive Negotiation of Meaning & Form in ESL Classes

Interactive negotiation of meaning and form in ESL classes

Interactive negotiation of meaning and form in ESL classes written by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl Author: Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl Video of interactive negotiation of meaning Watch this video on YouTube. Abstract Second language learning and teaching cannot be taken for granted, and it cannot take place in a vacuum. From the advent…

Classroom Interaction in Second Language Learning

Classroom interaction in second language learning written by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl

Classroom interaction in second language learning written and narrated by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl Author: Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl Video of classroom interaction Watch this video on YouTube. Abstract In the middle of the 1980s, Long developed the Interaction Hypothesis, which challenged Krashen’s Input Hypothesis. Long’s theory was emphasizing this point that comprehensible…

Classroom Ethnography | TESL Issues

TESL Issues LELB Society

Classroom Ethnography Classroom ethnography involves the kind of detailed descriptive work advocated by Johnson (1995). They emphasise the importance of obtaining multiple perspectives through triangulation. Watson-Gegeo (1997) distinguished four approaches to classroom ethnography: Ethnography of communication Micro-ethnography Discourse analysis Critical ethnography The ethnography of communication has its origins in anthropology and, in particular, in the…

Inter-Group Theory in Language Learning | TESL Issues

Inter-group Theory Inter-group Theory Giles and Byrne (1982) identified a number of factors that contribute to a group’s ‘ethnolinguistic vitality’—the key construct in the theory. They then discussed the conditions under which subordinate group members (e.g. immigrants or members of an ethnic minority) are most likely to acquire native-like proficiency in the dominant group’s language.…

Interaction Hypothesis in SLA | TESL Issues

Interaction Hypothesis Interaction Hypothesis Long’s Interaction Hypothesis, especially the updated version, claims that learners do need to pay conscious attention to form in order to benefit from negotiated interaction. The origins of Long’s Interaction Hypothesis lies partly in Hatch’s work on discourse analysis and L2 acquisition and partly in Krashen’s Input Hypothesis. Hatch (1978, p.…

Conversation Analysis | TESL Issues

Conversation Analysis Conversation Analysis Like ‘discourse analysis’, Conversational Analysis provides a tool for conducting micro-analyses of classroom discourse and, in particular, for examining the sequential development of classroom talk (Mori, 2002). CA derives from a branch of sociology-ethnomethodology. Seedhouse (2004) identified five key principles of this method of enquiry: Indexicality, i.e. the use that interactants…

Pragmatics and Speech Acts Theory | TESL Lessons

Pragmatics Pragmatics refers to the field of study where linguistic features are considered in relation to users of the language (Morris, 1938; Levinson, 1983). Researchers have investigated what speakers accomplish when they perform utterances in terms of (1) interactional acts, and (2) speech acts. Interactional acts give structure to the discourse by ensuring that one…

Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics | TESL Issues

Classroom interaction in second language learning written by Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl

Discourse analysis and pragmatics in second language acquisition Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics Discourse analysis serves as a device for systematically describing the kinds of interactions that occur in language classrooms. Drawing on initial work on content classrooms by Bellack (1966) and by the Birmingham School of linguistics (Sinclair & Coulthard (1975) discourse analysts give attention…

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