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Instrumental Motivation in SLA | TESL Issues

Instrumental

is also a component of ’s ; it is important to recognize that it can work in conjunction with, rather than in opposition to, . It refers to the motivation that derives from a perception of the concrete benefits that learning the L2 might bring about. Whereas instrumental motivation has been found to be only a weak predictor of foreign language achievement, in several Canadian studies, it appears to be much more powerful in other contexts where learners have little or no interest in the target-language culture and few or no opportunities to interact with its members.

To sum up, learners with an instrumental reason for learning an L2 can be successful although overall it appears less influential than integrative motivation (, 2008).

Intrinsic

Intrinsic Motivation

It was developed as an alternative to goal-directed theories of motivation that emphasized the role of extrinsic rewards and punishments. (1984) identified ‘’ as one of the main elements of motivation, defining it as a positive response to based on existing cognitive structures in such a way that learners’ curiosity is aroused and sustained. Crookes and (1991) observed that “it is probably fair to say that teachers would describe a student as motivated if they become productively engaged in learning tasks, and sustain that engagement, without the need for continual encouragement or direction” (p. 480).

Interest is engendered if learners become (i.e. are able to determine their own learning objectives, choose their own ways of achieving these, and evaluate their own progress. Intrinsic motivation was defined as “motivation to engage in an activity because it is enjoyable and satisfying to do so” (, , & , 2000, p. 61). Again, three types were distinguished: (1) knowledge (i.e. the motivation derived from exploring new ideas and knowledge), (2) (i.e. the pleasant sensations aroused by trying to achieve a task or goal), and (3) stimulation (i.e. the fun and excitement generated by actually performing a task).


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This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Sasan 2 days, 21 hours ago.

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  • #40593

    Dr. Hariri
    Keymaster

    Would you rather be happy yet slow-witted and unimaginative, or unhappy yet bright and creative? For instance, would you rather live the life of a brilliant yet tortured artist, such as Vincent van Gogh, or that of a happy but carefree soul who is a bit simple-minded?

  • #40672

    Sasan
    Participant

    I prefer to challenge this question at first and bring up my viewpoint next.
    There are different successful people in the world who reached the apex through different procedures. Although some have faced torture to reach their goals, it does not mean we have to necessarily lose something in our life to climb the ladder of success. Anyway, I suppose the most enjoyable part of life is making progress and relying on your abilities to flourish and thrive. So, I personally go for intelligence and innovation rather than happiness along with naivety. Many people have lived an ordinary life so far and repeating this story can never excite me at all. We need to gain new adventurous experiences and foster our abilities so as to break out of comfort zone.

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