Catalyst GRE Vocabulary Flashcard

Catalyst GRE Vocabulary Flashcard /ˈkæt.əl.ɪst/ (noun) Definition (chemistry) a substance that facilitates or accelerates chemical reaction while it doesn’t change by itself, catalytic agent, chemical agent, accelerator – somethin or someone that causes or accelerates changes, impetus, stimulus, facilitator, motivation, goad, promoter, impulse, incentive, stimulant, incitation, spur, spark Example Catalyst, in chemistry is any substance … Read more

The Prison of Your Mind – English Presentation

The Prison of Your Mind – English Presentation by Dr. Sean Stephenson at with selected reading and illustrated vocabulary flashcards to improve your English and brush up your life Source of image: Listening practice Lecturer: Sean Stephenson Reading practice Never call yourself names. Calling yourself a name is reducing yourself from a human to a … Read more

High Motivation IELTS Listening Practice

High Motivation IELTS Listening Practice High Motivation IELTS Listening Practice Selected Text (below 500 words) Source: Everyone is fueled by their own dreams and ambitions, but taking a close look at the complex relationship between happiness and motivation might give us a hint at what drives people to do their best work. Does happiness drive … Read more

English Presentation Setting Systems vs. Setting Goals

English Presentation Setting Systems vs. Setting Goals English Presentation Setting Systems vs. Setting Goals How to Give a Significant Presentation Write the script of your Lecture: Noun1. a formal talk on a serious or specialist subject given to a group of people, especially students: We went to a lecture on Italian art. Who’s giving the lecture this afternoon? … Read more

IELTS Listening Practice Motivation

IELTS Listening Practice Motivation IELTS Listening Practice Motivation About this activity This activity is labeled round table by Dr. Hariri, the creator and administrator of LELB Society. This activity is on the premise of Flipped Learning, according to which the students watch a video before the class, carry out research into the selected theme, and prepare themselves for an informed discussion in the class. This activity is on the … Read more

Dopamine As a Neurotransmitter | Success Journals

Dopamine As a Neurotransmitter Dopamine As a Neurotransmitter This neurotransmitter is called the reward hormone It is a neurotransmitter, that is a chemical released by neurons or nerve cells. It is also called the hormone of desire, novelty and motivation because it regulates the level of interest and novelty in your brain. People suffering from … Read more

Intrinsic Motivation | TESL Issues

Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic Motivation It was developed as an alternative to goal-directed theories of motivation that emphasized the role of extrinsic rewards and punishments. Keller (1984) identified ‘interest’ as one of the main elements of motivation, defining it as a positive response to stimuli based on existing cognitive structures in such a way that learners’ … Read more

Instrumental Motivation in SLA | TESL Issues

Instrumental Motivation Instrumental motivation is also a component of Gardner’s socio-educational model; it is important to recognize that it can work in conjunction with, rather than in opposition to, integrative motivation. It refers to the motivation that derives from a perception of the concrete benefits that learning the L2 might bring about. Whereas instrumental motivation … Read more

Integrative Motivation in SLA | TESL Issues

Integrative Motivation

Integrative Motivation

Dörnyei (2005) pointed out that the term ‘integrative motivation’ has often been misunderstood and suggested that this is because the term ‘integrative’ figures in three separate, distinct, but related constructs: ‘integrative orientation’, ‘integrativeness’, and ‘the integrative motive/motivation’. Integrative Motivation can be defined as involving three subcomponents:

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Gardner’s Socio-Educational Model (with integrative motivation the key construct) was the dominant theory in early motivation research.

A social-psychological factor frequently used to account for differential success in learning a second language is motivation. This has an intuitive appeal. It makes sense that individuals who are motivated will learn another language faster and to a greater degree. And, quite clearly, some degree of motivation is involved in initial decisions to learn another language and to maintain learning (Gass & Selinker, 2008).

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