Study Skills IELTS Listening Reading Practice

Study Skills IELTS Listening Reading Practice Study Skills IELTS Listening Reading Practice Lecturer, author or publisher: The Infographics Show Study Skills IELTS Reading Practice For those of us in school who are trying to figure out the most effective way to study, science is here on hand to help. Well, it has been traditionally thought by many of us … Read more

Validity in Test Administration | TESL Issues

Validity Validity The two scholars who proposed the concept of validity were Cronbach and Meehl (1950s). Messick changed the way in which we understand validity. He described validity as: An integrated evaluative judgement of the degree to which empirical evidence and theoretical rationales support the adequacy and appropriateness of inferences and actions based on test … Read more

Reliability in Test Administration | TESL Issues

Reliability Reliability The key feature of this important trait requires the standardization of administration and tasks as well as scoring. Reliability is the consistency of test scores across facets of the test. Independent items or tasks in a single test should correlate with each other and the test-total score. That is, there is an assumption … Read more

Construct Validity | TESL Issues

Construct Validity Construct Validity In this type of validity, it is attempted to test psychologically real constructs that have an independent existence in the test taker, and that the test scores represent the degree of presence or absence of this very real property. In this response, Cronbach and Meehl (1955) state: This type of validity … Read more

Final Examinations | An IELTS Essay Sample

Final Examinations | An IELTS Essay Sample Final Examinations | An IELTS Essay Sample ? Topic: Some scholars and educationists maintain that final examinations must be replaced with continuous assessment to encourage the students to be active during the term. Some others believe that final examinations are the best way to evaluate the students’ competency. … Read more