Definition of Philology with synonyms and antonyms and in real or authentic context from 601 Words You Need to Know to Pass Your Exam for advanced learners of English and GRE candidates
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the study of language with a special emphasis on the development, structure and history of languages and words, linguistics – literacy or scholarship, study of literature
philology is traditionally, the study of the history of language, including the historical study of literary texts. It is also called comparative philology when the emphasis is on the comparison of the historical states of different languages. The philological tradition is one of painstaking textual analysis, often related to literary history and using a fairly traditional descriptive framework. It has been largely supplanted by modern linguistics, which studies historical data more selectively as part of the discussion of broader issues in linguistic theory, such as the nature of language change.
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