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Persian Letters with the Same Sound in Persian Alphabet

In the Persian alphabet, there are some Persian letters with the same sound but different forms. This could be confusing for non-Persian speakers. In this Farsi lesson with an embedded video, you’re going to learn all these Persian letters that sound the same with distinct forms.

Video of Persian letters with the same sound

Persian letters with the same sound

How to write Persian alphabet for beginners with a video and comment form to practice writing in our Persian School
Persian letters with the same sound and different forms

It’s interesting to know that these Farsi letters that all have the same sound but different forms make distinct sounds in the Arabic language. However, in Persian phonology, all these letters make the same sound.

If you are a new Persian learner, you should know that unlike western languages like English, Persian or Farsi is written and read from right to left. You might also like to know that Persian and Arabic are not the same. For instance, the following 4 Persian letters and sounds do not exist in the Arabic language and phonology:

  1. گ /g/
  2. پ /p/
  3. چ /tʃ/
  4. ژ /ʒ/

Persian letters with the /z/ sound

Learn Persian alphabet with videos for non-Persian speakers
Persian letters with the same sound in Farsi Alphabet

In the Persian alphabet, there are 4 individual letters that represent the /z/ sound. However, in the Arabic language, all these 4 letters make distinct sounds. These 4 Persian letters that make the /z/ sound are listed below:

Persian letter ز

زمینزمستانزیبا – میز

Persian letter ذ or ذال

آذر – ذهن – غذا – کاغذ

Persian letter ض or ضاد

مریض – ضرر – راضی – ضربه

آموزش حروف صاد و ضاد از الفبای فارسی – آموزش الفبای فارسی

Persian letter ظ or ظا

ظهر – نظم – ظاهرا – عظیم

آموزش حروف طا و ظا از الفبای فارسی – آموزش الفبای فارسی

Persian letters with the /s/ sound

آموزش حروف الفبای فارسی به کودکان در مدرسه آنلاین فارسی
Persian letters with the same sound for non-Persian speakers

There are 3 letters in the Persian alphabet that represent the /s/ sound.

Persian letter س or سین

آسمان – سبد – سلام – سرما

Persian letter ث or ث سه نقطه

لثه – مثلث – کثیف – ثروت

Persian letter ص or صاد

صابون – صبرعصرصدا

Persian letters with the /t/ sound

Drawing the Persian Alphabet with pictures and details at LELB Society taught by Mahsa Mohammadi

There are 2 Persian letters in the Farsi alphabet that have the /t/ sound.

Persian letter ت or ت دو نقطه

تابستان – تمیز – توت – تعارف

Persian letter ط or طا

چطور – لطفا – طلا – فقط

Persian letters with the /gh/ sound

Learn Persian Alphabets Ein & Ghein at LELB Society

There are 2 letters in the Persian alphabet that represent the /gh/ sound. This sound does not exist in the English language, so non-Persian speakers should be able to articulate this sound clearly. Our long experience in teaching Persian to non-Persian speakers has proven that non-Farsi speakers cannot easily pronounce this sound in Farsi phonology.

Learn Persian Alphabet F & Ghaf at LELB Society for non-Persian Speakers
Persian letters with the same sound but different forms

It’s important to note that the /gh/ sound as a consonant in Farsi is slightly different from its counterpart in French or German as the /gh/ sound in Farsi is a stop sound, while the /gh/ consonant in French is relatively a fricative sound in phonetics and phonology.

Persian letter غ or غین

آغاز – باغ – زغال – غم

Persian letter ق or قاف

قرمز – قوری – قصه – قانون

Persian letters with the /h/ sound

The following 2 letters in the Persian alphabet make the /h/ sound.

Persian letter ه دوچشم

Learn Persian Alphabet letter H 2-cheshm at LELB Society with Podcast
آموزش حرف ه دوچشم در الفبای فارسی با ویدیو

The letter ه دوچشم takes 4 different forms depending on its location in a word. To practice and learn these 4 distinct forms, it is recommended that our Farsi students install the Persian language on their devices and post comments at the bottom of our Persian lessons with videos. This way, by typing any word with the ه دوچشم letter, your device will automatically write the correct form of this letter in Farsi.

هندوانه – بهارراه – هوا

Persian letter ح or ح جیمی

صبحانهحیوان – حادثه – احوال پرسی

روخوانی متون فارسی از الف تا خ با ویدیو برای آشنایی با حروف الفبای فارسی


About Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl

Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl is an English and Persian instructor, researcher, inventor, author, blogger, SEO expert, website developer, and the creator of LELB Society. He's got a PhD in TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language). Study our guest posting guidelines for authors.

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9 comments on “Persian Letters with the Same Sound in Persian Alphabet”

    • بله تیارا جان. واژه های “دوست” و “دست” شبیه به هم نوشته می شوند. فقط در واژه “دوست” یک حرف واو وجود دارد.

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