Round Table Activity & Asynchronous Learning

Round table activity is aimed at providing an exceptional opportunity for English and Persian learners to practice both synchronous and asynchronous learning at the same time. The coinage of round table activity The founder and designer of LELB Society, Dr. Mohammad Hossein Hariri Asl, first thought of the round table activity and coined this term … Read more

Collaborative Flipped Learning through CALL – 10 Great Tips

Collaborative Flipped Learning through CALL: A Recipe for Realizing Social Presence in Virtual Learning Environments. Study this article to learn how to implement flipped learning in language classes in a collaborative mode. Collaborative Flipped Learning Abstract From the dawn of the third millennium, the utilization of state-of-the-art technology for educational purposes, especially computers and the … Read more

English Presentation on Learning Styles

English Presentation on Learning Styles English Presentation on Learning Styles Handout Provided by the Lecturer What are the three main learning styles? How do you define learning styles? What is your dominant learning style? How differently visual and auditory learners try to learn new things? How should a teacher interact with a kinesthetic learner? Do you … Read more

Teamwork | A Presentation in English

Teamwork | A Presentation in English Teamwork | A Presentation in English LELB Lecturer: Hajar Listen to this presentation. Questions about the Presentation: What would happen if we work with each other? What’s Steve Jobs’ viewpoint about successful business? Discuss some of the main benefits of collaboration. Is collaboration learnable? How can we solidify joint … Read more

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) | TESL Issues

Zone of Proximal Development

Zone of Proximal Development

  • The Actual Developmental Level: According to Vygotsky (1978, p. 85), it is the level of development of the child’s mental functions that has been established as a result of certain already completed developmental cycles.
  • The Potential Developmental Level: It is performed through problem solving activities undertaken with the assistance of an adult (an expert) or through collaboration with peers (novices). This second level of development is the main one in ZPD. As Vygotsky has stated, it is the ‘bud’ rather than the ‘fruit’ of development.
  • In the third level of development, the learner is unable to perform the task even if assistance is provided.

Read more