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English Documentary on Wolves with Transcript

Last updated on August 7, 2023 by in English Documentaries with Transcript Category with 2 Comments on English Documentary on Wolves with Transcript, 51 Views and Reading Time: 3 minutes
English Documentary on Wolves with Transcript and illustrated flashcards to improve your reading and listening comprehension and expand your academic vocabulary Source of documentary: National Geographic YouTube Channel Watch this video on YouTube Wolves Wolves are steeped in legends throughout history. The predator’s powerful nature, piercing looks and spine-tingling howls continue to inspire both adoration and controversy

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2 comments on “English Documentary on Wolves with Transcript”

  1. Species of wolves
    Wolves are steeped in legends throughout history. The predator’s powerful nature, piercing looks and spine-tingling howls, continue to inspire both adoration and controversy around the world. There are two major species of wolves. One species is the Ethiopian wolf or Canis simensis. Only about 500 of these wolves exist, and they inhabit the mountains of Ethiopia. The majority of the world’s wolves belong to the species called gray wolf or Canis lupus. Numbering up to around 250,000 and including up to about 40 subspecies, gray wolves are scattered across the Northern Hemisphere.

    Largest dogs
    Wolves vary greatly in size. The smaller wolf subspecies inhabit the desert regions of the Middle East. They stand at an average of about 26 inches tall and weigh less than 45 pounds. The larger wolf subspecies live in the northern regions of Asia and North America. The Canis usually stand up to 36 inches tall at the shoulder and can weigh up to 175 pounds, making them the largest wild members of the dog family.

    Pack structure
    Wolf packs are ruled by an alpha male and an alpha female. Wolves are highly social creatures and operate as a group or pack. Often comprised of 6 to 10 wolves, packs are cohesive units that hunt and live together. Within the packs, each wolf has a unique personality. To maintain order among them, a male and a female dominate the pack as alphas. They establish a strict hierarchy and are the only wolves in the pack to breed.

    The famous howl
    Each wolf’s howl is unique. Much like fingerprints on humans, howls are distinct to each wolf. Characteristics like pitch and amplitude of these vocalizations, help signify which wolves create certain howls. These vocalizations allow wolves to communicate with other wolves. They may howl to indicate their location to pack members and even show their affection. Wolves may also howl to nearby rivals to claim their territory.

    Conservation of wolves
    Wolves nearly became extinct in the continental United States. Throughout the early history of the US, waves of settlers travelled into the young country’s then undeveloped West. Rising human populations and settlements nearly wiped out deer, elk and bison populations, prey normally hunted by wolves. Without their usual prey, wolves then resorted to hunting livestock, making the Canis targets for hunters and trappers. By the mid-1930s wolves were almost completely exterminated. The late 20th century began to bring about change for wolves. Conservation policies, efforts to educate the public and programs that reintroduced wolves into the wild were enacted, aiding the comeback of these legendary creatures.

    • So many thanks for your accurate transcription.
      In two places, you did not use the word “canines”, which means “dog family”. Instead, you used “canis”.

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