Verb + Infinitive | English Grammar in use

Verb + | English Grammar in use

| English Grammar in use

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Part A:

offer agree refuse decide plan arrange manage fail deserve afford forget promise threaten Learn
After these verbs you can use to … ( Verb + Infinitive):
? It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.
? Simon was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.
? How old were you when you Learned to drive? (or learned how to drive)
? I waved to Karen, but failed to attract her attention.
The negative is not to … :
? We decided not to go out because of the weather.
? I promised not to be late.
After some verbs, (verb + infinitive) is not possible. For example, enjoy/think/suggest:
? I enjoy reading. (not enjoy to read)
? Andy suggested meeting for coffee. (not suggested to meet)
? Are you thinking of buying a car? (not thinking to buy)

Part B:

After dare you can use the infinitive with or without to:
? I wouldn’t dare to tell him. or I wouldn’t dare tell him.
But after dare not (or daren’t), you must use the infinitive without to:
? I daren’t tell him what happened. (not I daren’t to tell him)

Part C:

We also use to … after:
seem appear tend pretend claim
For example:
? They seem to have plenty of money.
? I like Dan, but I think he tends to talk too much.
? Ann pretended not to see me when she passed me in the street.
There is also a continuous infinitive (to be doing) and a perfect infinitive (to have done):
? I pretended to be reading the paper. (=I pretended that I was reading)
? You seem to have lost weight. (=it seems that you have Lost weight)
? Joe seems to be enjoying his new job. (= it seems that he is enjoying it)

Part D:

After some verbs you can use a question word (what/whether/how etc.) +to ….
We use this structure especially after:
ask decide know remember forget explain Learn understand wonder
We asked how to get to the station.
Have you decided where to go for your holidays?
I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.
Do you understand what to do?
show/tell/ask/advise/teach somebody what/how/where to do something:
? Can somebody show me how to use this camera?
? Ask Jack. He’ll tell you what to do.

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