Subject Pronouns in English – Easy Learning English – ELE

Subject Pronouns and Be Verbs

Subject Pronouns in English

Basic words and sentences

Shapour Khodaparast at LELB SocietyEasy Learning English Series 

Article: A Basic Education Course for adult learners

Written by ShaPour KhodaParast

ShaPour KhodaParast presents you How We Can Easily Talk in English.

This course of study is designed for adult learners with basic knowledge of English.

This series of the basic course is useful for learning and speaking English as a foreign language.

Easy Learning English - ELE

Easy Learning English – ELE

  • Grammar Tips
  • Be, subject pronouns
  • This is my cousin, Jenny. She’s from Australia. -Hi Jenny! I’m Dove.
  • You’re very tall! Are you a basketball player? -Yes, I am.
  • Who’s that? It’s a parrot. -It’s corky. My parrot.
  • Who am I? Who are they? -You’re Corky. They’re your friends, John and Helen. And this is Jenny too.
  • Look at the following sentences, we normally say: (Wh– questions and answers Form)
  • Who is Jenny?     –She’s my cousin.
  • Where is Corky?  –He’s in the garden.
  • What is that?       –It’s my bag.
  • So, look at the following positive sentences, the red color letters are subject pronouns and the blue color letters are being verbs.
  • I am Jenny.            –>  Im Jenny.               (Contraction form)
  • I am tall.                –>  Im tall.                   (Contraction form)
  • I am in the park.   –>  Im in the park.       (Contraction form)
  • He is John.            –> Hes John.                 (Contraction form)             
  • He is tall.              –>  Hes tall.                   (Contraction form)   
  • He is in the park.  –> Hes in the park.       (Contraction form)
  • She is Helen.           –>  Shes Helen.           (Contraction form)
  • She is short.            –>  Shes short.            (Contraction form)
  • She is in the park.   –>  Shes in the park.  (Contraction form)
  • It is Corky.                 –> Its Corky.              (Contraction form)
  • It is a bird.                 –> Its a bird.             (Contraction form)
  • It is a parrot.             –> Its a parrot.          (Contraction form)
  • It is out of the cage. –> Its out of the cage.
  • We are tall.                         –> Were tall.
  • We are out of the house.   –> Were out of the house.
  • We are in the park.            –>  Were in the park.
  • You are out of the house.  –> You’re out of the house.
  • You are in the park.           –> You’re in the park.
  • They are a family.        –> Theyre a family.
  • They are a group.        –> Theyre a group.
  • They are in the park.   –> Theyre in the park.
  • As you have noticed now ( Iyousheheitweyouthey ) are subject pronouns. We also can say, these are personal pronouns.
  • Subject pronouns = Personal pronouns
  • If we add up NOT after being verbs, those positive sentences change to negative sentences.
  • And also, “n’t” is the short form of not, it means the contraction of not isn’t”.
  • For example:
  • He isn’t in the park.
  • She isn’t out of the house.
  • It isn’t closed. It’s open.
  • We aren’t there. We are at home.
  • They aren’t tall.
  • But we use this way in the negative form of the first singular personal noun.
  • I am Helen.         –> Im Helen.           –> Im not Helen.
  • I am in the park. –> Im in the park.  –> Im not in the park.
  • So, we have learned two kinds of sentences till now. Positive sentences and Negative sentences.
  • Now it’s time to learn question sentences with the use of personal pronouns and be verbs.
  • It’s easy – just put the be verbs in the beginning of a sentence and put the question mark at the end of the sentence.          —>  ? = question mark
  • For example:
  • Am I Helen?
  • Am I in the park?
  • Am I at home? =   Am I home?
  • Is he John?
  • Is she Jenny?
  • Is she with you?
  • Is she out of the house?
  • Are they your friends?
  • Are they with you?
  • Are we students in this class?
  • Are you an online teacher?    –> Second singular personal pronoun
  • Are you online teachers?        –> Second plural personal pronoun
  • So, we know now, Positive sentences with use of being verbs and personal pronouns or subject pronouns and the next was about Negative sentences that we put Not after be verbs and the last was question form sentences.
  • But there is another kind of sentences that is not being used much to talk about.
  • And it’s Negative Question form sentences.
  • For example:
  • Isn’t she at home? It means she was home before, but it is not clear to be home now.
  • Isn’t he in the park?
  • Isn’t he with you?
  • Aren’t you there?
  • Isn’t she Helen?
  • Isn’t it in the cage?
  • Isn’t it in the park?
  • Am not I with you?  –> There is a nice tip in this sentence, Am not I = Aren’t I
  • Am not I with you? = Aren’t I with you? –> An’t I with you?  (Informal way pronounces)
  • Am not I there with you? = aren’t I there with you? = An’t I with you?
  • And at the end of this article, it’s better a bit to talk about short answers.
  • For example:
  • Yes, I am.
  • No, I’m not.
  • Yes, she is.
  • No, she isn’t.
  • Yes, it is.
  • No, it isn’t
  • Yes, you are.
  • No, you aren’t.
  • Yes, we are.
  • No, we aren’t
  • Yes, they are.
  • No, they aren’t.
  • Where do we use short answers? Look at the following sentences.
  • Are you a student? Yes, I am.
  • Are you ten years old? Yes, I am.
  • Are you a pupil? No, I’m not.
  • Is your dad tall? No, he isn’t. he isn’t = he’s not
  • Is your mom from Australia? Yes, she is.
  • Are your cousins twelve years old? Yes, they are.
  • Is your teacher from the USA? No, he’s not.
  • Am I a good teacher? Yes, you are.
  • Am I a good friend? No, you’re not.
  • Are their children in the park? Yes, they are.
  • Are you from Australia? No, I’m not.
  • Is Jenny from Spain? No, she isn’t.
  • Is Helen from Greece? No, she isn’t.
  • Are those new shoes Jane’s? Yes, they are.
  • Is a frog jumping out of the river? Yes, it is.
  • Is it time to begin the meeting? Yes, it is.
  • Is it time to get back home? Yes, it is.
  • Is it time to go out now? Yes, it is.
  • Is it time to stop it? No, it’s not. 
  • Is it time to stop it? No, it’s not. I have to talk with you more.
  • Is it time to end the class? Yes, it is.
  • Is it time to end the class? Yes, sure, it is.
  • Best wishes – Good luck



Written by ShaPour KhodaParast

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